Yves Saint Laurent was a European fashion designer born on August 1, 1936 in Oran, Algeria. As a teen, he left for Paris to work for designer Christian Dior and gained acclaim for his dress designs. In 1966, he launched his own fashion labels, where his adaptations of tuxedos for women garnered him fame. He was the first living designer to receive a solo exhibition in New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1983. Yves Saint Laurent died in Paris on June 1, 2008 from brain cancer.